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Closing the Climate Finance Gap: Urgent Action Needed

By Faridat Salifu

The urgency of addressing climate change is undeniable, with recent reports highlighting the substantial financial commitments required to meet global climate goals.

The International Renewable Energy Agency stresses that an average of 11,000 gigawatts of renewable power capacity must be built annually until 2030, emphasizing the critical need for investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency, and ecosystem restoration.

According to the Climate Policy Initiative, global climate finance must increase to approximately $9 trillion annually by 2030 to align with the Paris Agreement’s temperature targets.

However, current financing falls short, particularly in adaptation efforts. Developing countries alone require $212 billion by 2030 for adaptation, a significant increase from the $63 billion achieved in 2021-22.

Governments are exploring various mechanisms to address this finance gap, including wealth taxes, shipping levies, and corporate taxes.

For instance, the United States plans to raise $300 billion over a decade through corporate profit taxes and a stock buyback tax to fund climate initiatives.

While the private sector contributes 70% of climate finance, the public sector must also increase its efforts, covering approximately 30% of global climate finance.

Governments are considering innovative revenue-raising options such as carbon pricing and fossil fuel extraction taxes, alongside phasing out fossil fuel subsidies.

Effective deployment of available capital is crucial. Intelligent regulation and incentives can mobilize private investments in renewables and drive sustainable growth.

In developing countries, international cooperation and concessional financing are vital, supported by initiatives like sovereign green bonds and climate finance frameworks.

To address inequalities in climate finance distribution, there must be a focus on prioritizing investments in emerging technologies and shifting financial resources towards climate-friendly projects.

By accelerating the transition to a greener economy through targeted investments and global cooperation, we can effectively mitigate the impacts of climate change and secure a sustainable future for all.



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