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Nigerian govt unveils GHG emissions testing devise for imported vehicles

By George George Idowu

The Federal Government has announced plans to initiate vehicular emission testing on imported vehicles to significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

This initiative aims to enhance public health and align with Nigeria’s commitment to the Paris Agreement targets.

Dr. Yakubu Baba, Registrar of the Environmental Health Council (EHCON), made the announcement during the unveiling of a new “Vehicular Testing Device” by 3DATX Africa, a US-based NGO, in collaboration with EHCON on Thursday.

Baba highlighted that the advanced technology provided by 3DATX was prompted by recent findings indicating dangerously high levels of vehicle exhaust emissions in Nigeria.

He emphasized that the project incurs no cost to the government, with funding and support coming from international partners.

“This initiative is part of the Federal Government’s effort to meet its Paris Agreement commitment to reduce GHG emissions by 2030,” Baba stated.

He explained that the Environmental Health Council is tasked with monitoring air quality across the country and that this new smart, portable device represents a first in Nigeria’s efforts to track vehicular emissions.

“The Federal Ministry of Environment has installed air quality monitoring stations in various states and strategic locations, but this is the first time we are deploying a portable device to monitor GHG emissions.

“Vehicles entering the country will be subject to emission testing, and state and local governments will manage vehicle maintenance and part replacements to ensure compliance,” he said.

He underscored the public health implications of GHG emissions, noting that high traffic in major cities leads to increased levels of particulates in the air, which cause respiratory diseases, cancer, and other health issues.

The project will be piloted in six states representing the six geopolitical zones, including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Cross River, Abia, Kano, and Borno

Matthew Suleiman, General Manager of 3DATX, explained that the device measures emissions from vehicle exhaust pipes, detecting harmful substances such as hydrocarbons and particulate matter.

“We have found significant levels of sulfur in the fuel of many vehicles tested, which is dangerous.

“Our system allows us to identify these issues and advise drivers on the best sources of fuel and maintenance practices,” he said.

Dr. Edwin Edeh, Technical Officer for Public Health and Environment at the World Health Organization (WHO), praised the Ministry of Environment and EHCON for their proactive approach.

He assured WHO’s support and clinical guidance, aiming to ensure Nigeria’s air quality meets health standards.

The federal government’s move to implement vehicular emission testing represents a critical step towards improving air quality and public health while also contributing to global efforts.


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